Male Dogs vs. Female Dogs: Which One Is Right for You?

  • It is not a substitute for the help of a professional veterinarian.

If you’re considering adding a new dog to your family, chances are you have many questions about what type of dog you should adopt, what to look for before bringing a new pet into your home, and the different qualities it could imply. . because of his temperament and personality. Finally, you’re adding a new member to the family and you want to make sure it’s a perfect match.

Another big question that many aspiring pet owners face is, should I get a male or a female? Well, on that front, we have some useful information to consider. We spoke to a veterinarian and professional dog trainer to learn about the differences between male and female dogs and to help you figure out which one is best for you.

Does your dog’s gender matter?

Gary Richter, MD a holistic veterinarian, founder of Montclair Veterinary Hospital & Holistic Veterinary Care, and author of The ultimate guide to pet health say it In general, a dog’s sex has little bearing on its suitability as a pet. “It shouldn’t be a major factor in the decision-making process,” says Dr. Judge. “Meet the dog and see if his personality matches yours.”

He adds that a good match between dog and owner is more dependent on other factors. “You need a dog whose energy level and behavior fits your lifestyle.”

This view is supported by Nicole Ellis, al Certified Professional Dog Trainer (CPDT-KA), APDT Member, American Kennel Club CGC Evaluator, and co-author of work like a dog. She says the most important influence on personality and human tolerance “isn’t male or female, it’s how a dog is trained and what it’s exposed to.”

The gender of the dog you adopt may not be a good indicator of its integration into your family. However, both experts point out that there are some differences to be aware of before adopting.

anatomical differences

Let’s start with the obvious: Males and females have different reproductive systems and genitalia. But there are also more subtle differences you might want to consider. Nicole Ellis says that male dogs tend to be larger (both in height and weight) than female dogs, so keep that in mind if your dog’s size is important.

According to petMD, bitches also tend to mature faster than males, which can mean a bitch is more mature than a male of the same age and therefore may be easier to train.

Nicole Ellis points out that there are very few gender differences in young dogs. “As they get older and the hormones kick in,” he adds, “you start to see a difference. Nevertheless, these differences are often not that significant.

Many biological differences between male and female dogs are related to their reproductive hormones. However, says Dr. Judge that too if a dog behavior It can be affected by hormones, if you remove its source by spaying or neutering the dog you will see less behavior over time.

hormonal differences

According to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), spaying or neutering suppresses a dog’s reproductive ability, affects the development of sex-related traits and behaviors, and ultimately helps reduce overcrowding. Male dogs are spayed, which means they undergo an orchiectomy, a medical procedure to remove the testicles. The dogs are spayed, which means they undergo an ovariohysterectomy, a medical procedure to remove the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus.

This procedure prevents the dog from breeding and also reduces some of the behaviors associated with mating, according to the AVMA.

petMD advises that an intact bitch (ie, a bitch that has not been spayed) will undergo an examination estrus Two times a year. This is also commonly known as the “heat cycle”. Getting in heat means the bitch is able to carry a litter and her body is producing a secretion that attracts males. A neutered dog will not experience a heat cycle and will not be interested in breeding.

Nicole Ellis warns that if you don’t want your intact female dog to become pregnant, you should keep her away from other dogs while she is in heat.

He adds that unneutered males are more likely to mark their territory. “If you don’t spay your male dog,” she says, “be prepared that he has an innate need to urinate and mark everything.”

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) notes that intact male dogs can mount people, other dogs, or inanimate objects and even escape to find a mate, putting them in danger in the wild. A neutered dog is less likely to mark its territory, ride, hit, or roam.

health differences

In addition to reducing overcrowding (which, according to the ASPCA, leads to many homeless dogs) and preventing unwanted behavior, neutering can have health benefits for your dog.

Spaying female dogs can help prevent health problems like breast cancer or uterine infections, and spaying male dogs can protect them from benign prostatic hyperplasia and testicular cancer, according to petMD. Certain diseases are more common in dogs that have been spayed or neutered, but according to petMD, the benefits of the procedure outweigh the risks and most veterinarians recommend it.

dr Richter adds that the timing of the procedure can also affect your dog’s health. In the past, he says, most veterinarians have recommended early neutering (before the bitch hits puberty) to prevent the development of undesirable behaviors. However, recent studies have shown that it is better to wait until the dog has reached physical maturity.

The effect of waiting until maturity seems to vary from breed to breed, but in general, Dr. Judges that dogs that are spayed or spayed later in development have fewer orthopedic problems and are less likely to develop certain types of cancer.

behavioral differences

According to Nicole Ellis, there aren’t many behavioral differences (unrelated to mating) that are determined by the sex of the dog. She points out that a recent study of dog aggression found that “male dogs are six times more likely to bite than females.” But he noted that “it’s not so black and white and there’s a lot more to it, including the training and upbringing of the dog.”

dr Richter says that many of the reported behavioral differences between male and female dogs can be attributed to anthropomorphism. “It’s very much a human projection,” he says.

However, he says that informed behavior seems right. “Dogs tend to get along better with dogs of the opposite sex,” he says, when they live together in a house. “It’s like yin and yang.” So if you’re adding a second dog to your family, consider creating that balance for a more peaceful home.

How do you choose your dog?

Ultimately, both experts agree that the sex of the dog is relatively unimportant when choosing a new pet. Instead, focus on getting to know the dog, learning as much as you can about their past experiences, and thinking about how they fit into your lifestyle. The most important step is to ensure that your new pet’s personality, activity level, and intelligence is a good match for you and any other pets in your home.

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