Dachshund Dog Breed Facts & Information

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Intelligent, lively, courageous, funny: this is the dachshund. The dachshund’s name comes from the German words for badger (dachs) and hound (dog), but you may know it more informally as doxie, dachshund, hot dog, dachshund, or dachshund.

Dachshunds were originally bred in Germany in the 15th century to hunt badgers. The long back and short legs of this dog breed made them ideal hunting dogs for sniffing, hunting, and repelling small animals and cave dwellers.

A beautiful dachshund with a tie.
via @pippa.the.pipstar

Technically, this breed is a hunting dog (and you can tell by how they’ll look for a good smell despite your best efforts to stop them). But they also share some common traits with terriers, like a love of digging and a great personality.

Their uniqueness combined with their legendary loyalty to their human companions makes dachshunds one of the most popular pets in the United States. Read on to learn more about this very special dog and to find out if this breed is right for you.

breed characteristics

  • Origin: Germany
  • Size:
  • Weight: 13-32 pounds
  • Shelf life: 12-16 years
  • Breed Group: Group of hunting dogs.
  • Activity level:
  • Bark/Howl Level:
  • Good with dogs: yes
  • Good with children: yes
  • Good with cats:
  • Lost:
  • Easy to fix:
  • Easy to train:
  • Protective:

dachshund look

a dachshund

Dachshunds come in a variety of colors: black and tan, black and cream, red, blue and cream, fawn and cream, solid black, fawn, chocolate and red (to name a few). Dachshund markings include brindle, spotted, double spotted, piebald, piebald, and sable. Dachshund hair can be straight and short, long or straight.

They also show a difference in temperament based on their coat characteristics. Because wire haired dachshunds have a terrier in their lineage, they are often less placid than their long-haired cousins, which are the calmest and quietest of the three species. Smooth-coated dachshunds tend to have a personality that falls somewhere in between.

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Lively, loyal and playful

Mischievous, fiery, stubborn, a lover of spoiling…this pup is a little mongrel. With proper training, Dachshunds can make excellent companions, steadfast family dogs, and even therapy dogs. Otherwise, they can be overwhelming and a bit difficult to control.

As with many dog ​​breeds, it is good to remember its original purpose, which was to be the hunter’s companion. All of these traits that can make a Dachshund angry also make them exceptionally gifted.

The ideal pet parent for a dachshund

Dachshunds love to live in an apartment. Because of their small size, they don’t need a yard, but do enjoy taking outdoor walks. Dachshunds also love a challenge, and as long as you include plenty of opportunities to hunt and find things, you’ll have a happy dog.

These dogs love their human parents and really don’t want them to go away. Your dog may have more separation anxiety issues, and if he misses you, he’s likely to bite. If you leave home without your dog, you may want to use a kennel.

Learn about separation anxiety to understand your dog’s perspective and provide ideas for dealing with this anxiety at its root.

three dachshunds
via @the_hotdog_squad

Training is key for this dog breed

Like many small dogs, they have a tendency to be aggressive towards strangers and other dogs, and loud barking can complicate the training process a bit. Families with young children should only get a dachshund if they commit to consistent training and regular socialization, as they are more likely to bite their owners than other dogs.

However, they are popular dogs for good reason. With the right upbringing, you’ll have a lively and cuddly companion with lots of personality.

Dachshunds are intelligent, independent, and playful, but they can also be mischievous and stubborn. They are not the easiest of breeds to tame or train. If you need help teaching your dog, you should consider investing in a trainer.

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Ideal environment for a dachshund

Dachshunds love to live in an apartment. Because of their small size, they don’t need a yard, but do enjoy taking outdoor walks. Dachshunds also love a challenge, and as long as you include plenty of opportunities to hunt and find things, you’ll have a happy dog.

Dachshunds love their human parents and really don’t want them to go away. Your dog may have more separation anxiety issues, and if he misses you, he’s likely to bite. If you leave home without your dog, you may want to use a kennel.

Learn about separation anxiety to understand your dog’s perspective and provide ideas for dealing with this anxiety at its root.

A long haired brown dog in the flower bushes.
via @cookiemonster.doxie

Dachshund care

These beloved dogs are low-maintenance puppies that don’t shed too much or require too many baths. But the amount of brushing required varies depending on the coat type (smooth, wirehaired, or longhaired).

Rough-haired dachshunds require grooming the most, while smooth dachshunds only need a simple wipe down between baths. Wire-haired dachshunds need regular brushing (every other day should be enough) and twice a year they need to brush their coat with a special brush.

Facts and information about the health of the breed

Like many dog ​​breeds, this breed is prone to specific health issues. Dachshunds are more prone to epilepsy, granulomatous meningoencephalitis, Cushing’s syndrome, thyroid and autoimmune problems, and various eye abnormalities. Two-headed dogs are more likely to have hearing and vision problems.

More importantly, however, the dog breed’s elongated back and intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) make the dog breed prone to back problems such as a herniated or herniated disc. A significant proportion will develop IVDD, so it’s important to take care of your dog’s spine.

To avoid back injuries, do not let them jump from a height and keep your back supported when carrying them. You’re also likely to gain weight, which can put even more pressure on your back. Many pet owners opt for pet health insurance.

A cute dachshund on a bed
via @chester.chocolatedashie

The origins of this breed may surprise you

The name “Dackel” literally means “dachshund” in German, which is no coincidence. This dog was originally bred from a pointer and pinscher to keep badger populations in check and hunt other small game, a feat made possible by the breed’s dachshund proportions.

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get a dachshund

Finding a Dachshund puppy or adult dog can be as easy as searching the internet, but beware of puppy mills and internet scams. There are many ways to find a reputable breeder and it is important to ask, visit before committing to pay and trust your instincts. Additionally, many dachshunds are available from rescue organizations and animal shelters.

Dachshund rescue

The Dachshund Rescue is active across the country. According to the AKC, most breed rescues report that the majority of their rescued dogs are from abandoned individual owners, with the most common reasons being a lifestyle change or the breed not being the right one for the owner. Dachshunds that are abandoned by their owners often have basic obedience and socialization training, and have detailed health and behavior histories to support their care.

Visit the Dachshund Club of America website for an up-to-date list of dachshund rescues across the country.

Dachshund breeder

You can use the American Kennel Club (AKC) search tool to find a reputable Doxie breeder in your area. It’s important to do your research and check references to avoid puppy mills and online scams. When you find a reputable breeder, be sure to ask questions and set up an in-person meeting with the parents. During your visit, ask about any health issues in the dog’s lineage.

Remember to follow your instincts. If something is wrong with a breeder you visit, or if the dachshund puppy seems too good to be true, something may be wrong. Finding the right match may take some time, but it will be worth it in the end.

More information about dachshunds

Do you dream of creating your own breed of beloved dogs, or maybe just looking for a little more Doxie inspiration? We have a lot more for you anyway:



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