Cur Dogs: The Amazing True Story Behind America’s Cur Breeds

Knowing a dog is loving a dog! They are beautiful, totally devoted, hardworking and protective. but if you I do not know Cur dog, you’re probably wondering what “cur” might mean (and if you should say the word in front of your mom!).

First “heal” it is a safe word for children and well behaved people. It is a general term that refers to multiple breeds with common traits. Let’s start with a definition and then learn about some of the most popular heart breeds.

What is a bloodhound?

As currently used, heart refers to any of several North American “working” gun dogs bred to hunt, guard, or protect their owners’ farms and ranches. But today, many of these tough and loving dogs are kept strictly as pets.

Experts refer to this assemblage of breeds as “tree dogs” because they’re excellent at stalking prey, herding them into trees, and barking until the owners can scare targets away. Hearts are larger breeds (typically between 50 and 90 pounds) with shorter hair and “drop ears,” meaning floppy ears, compared to ears that point up.

Cur dogs are believed to have descended from various combinations of Native American dogs interbred with domestic dogs brought to the mainland by French and Spanish settlers over the centuries.

The term “cur” is believed to derive from the 13th-century Middle English word “curdogge” (possibly Germanic or Old Norse), which comes from the word “curren”, meaning “to snarl”. These dogs often rely on their vocalizations to herd livestock, ward off bears or cougars, and alert their owners to the location of their prey.

The group of hunting dogs refers to the following breeds:

  • American leopard
  • black mouth dog
  • blue lace
  • Camus Kur
  • Canadian heart
  • Catahoula leopard dog
  • Kemmer Stockberg Cur
  • mountain court
  • Cur mountain view
  • Caroline Cur de Parnell
  • southern black muzzle
  • Cur Stephens
  • Treeing Tennessee Tabby
  • Yellow Mouth Black Mutt

The Wikipedia definition of “cur” describes these dogs as “the lowest class of nameless or outcast dogs,” which sounds a bit patronizing, as if the dogs were unwanted outcasts. (That is no longer the case today!) But the description most likely refers to the decades of intermingling, when different human cultures (and their pets) began to mix. It was believed that the dogs would be so mixed that it would be impossible to find a original or purebred specimen of the breeds listed above.

History of the Dog Mongrel: An American History

Cur dogs played a crucial role in colonizing the southeastern United States, the region that includes Florida, Tennessee, Georgia, the Carolinas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Pioneers and settlers relied on these hardy and loyal breeds to defend their possessions, herd livestock, and hunt game for food and the fur trade. While different breeds differ in the distribution of key traits, dogs are very affectionate to their owners and therefore easy to train. They are affectionate with their nuclear families but tough and fearless of predators (like bears and cougars). And they can survive cold winters and brutal summers.

It could easily be argued that this region of the United States owes at least part of its success and survival to the tenacity and dedication of cured dogs! So let’s get to know three of the most popular breeds in this group…

American leopard

It is one of the oldest tree dog breeds in the United States. Known for their incredible tracking skills, they can follow the scent of their prey for miles, hunting everything from squirrels to bears. They are exceptional fighters, even with larger animals, as they will easily crouch and dodge to avoid injury, and will not back down after a fight.

The American Leopard Hound is considered the easiest dog to train because they are highly intelligent and eager to please their owners. Despite their hardy nature, they are incredibly affectionate, affectionate, and protective of children.

The American Leopard Hound was officially recognized in 1960, but is believed to have established itself in North Carolina in the 18th century, possibly a descendant of dogs introduced by the Spanish conquistadors. Purebred American Leopard Hounds were few in number in the 1950s, but the breed has made a comeback and is now primarily found in Tennessee, Kentucky, Oklahoma, and Texas. They come in nine colors and can wear a plain, leopard, or brindle coat.

black mouth dog

This breed is famous for its black muzzle and short coat that comes in yellow, red, tan, black, fawn, and other colors. (For some reason, a white coat disqualifies a Black Mouth Cur from purebred status unless the white markings make up just 10% of the coat.) The most famous member of this breed was starred in the 1957 Walt Disney film Old Screamer introduced the halls of American cinema. (Spoiler alert: this movie will turn dog lovers into a puddle of tears and Kleenex!)

The Black Mouth Cur is known for its ability to move quickly and fearlessly through the woods. They are hardy, strong-bodied hunting, herding, and working dogs, and are sometimes used as search and rescue dogs. The Black Mouth Cur is also very protective and often doesn’t behave well around other dogs, especially in his own territory.

This breed is very sensitive to the voices of the owner and easily withers away when yelled at or harshly punished. However, they are very affectionate towards family members. Because they are so active and strong, they need plenty of space to exercise and should have a large yard that they can access throughout the day.

Catahoula leopard dog

Also known as the Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Hog Dog, and Catahoula Hound, this breed takes its name from the Catahoula Lake region of central Louisiana. (In the Choctaw tribe, Catahoula means “sacred lake.”) This breed is believed to be the result of a cross between Native American dogs that looked like wolves but barked like dogs. They were mated to dogs brought to the mainland by the Spanish – hounds, mastiffs and greyhounds – and then mated again to dogs owned by the French.

Catahoulas were originally used in Louisiana to catch and trap wild boar and then herd them once they were caught. To do this, they used a different herding technique, forming a fence to cordon off a herd until the master could herd the pigs into a pen. Breeders prioritize this herding instinct over the dog’s appearance, which can vary in color and pattern in both the coat and eyes.

More than other heart breeds, the Catahoula needs firm guidance and early training to socialize; They may be independent, but owners value their territorial and protective nature. While confidently standing up for themselves and their owners, Catahoulas are gentle and affectionate towards family members.

A breed for the owner of a hardy and hardy dog.

While many Heart races live and thrive in urban areas, they’re happiest where they can enjoy a bit of nature (like Rock Above). That makes not includes the concrete jungle! These dogs need freedom, space to run and hunt, and time to sniff out tracks, inspect, and explore. But dog owners who are up for the challenge will appreciate sweet, dedicated, intelligent dogs with lots of enthusiasm and lots of personality.

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